SpringCloud之实现上传Excel文件,初始化导入数据至数据库

1、页面代码如下,弹出窗是用的layer:

<input type="button" class="btn_default" style="width: 100px;" onclick="investigation();" value="导入心理咨询"/>
function investigation() {
        down("请按照模板内容导入心理咨询文档");
    }
function down(message) {
        var index = layer.confirm(message, {
            btn: ['确认'] //按钮
        }, function(){
            $.ajax({
                url: path+"/web/api/index/getTblTeacherClassVoListData",
                type: "post",
                data: {
                    accessToken:'${accessToken}'
                },
                success: function(msg){
                    if(msg.type=="success"){
                        $("#classId").html("");
                        var html = "<option value=''>--选择班级--</option>";
                        for(var i=0;i<msg.data.length;i++){
                            html+="<option value="+msg.data[i].classId+">"+msg.data[i].className+"</option>"
                        }
                        $("#classId").append(html);
                    }else{
                        layer.msg(msg.message);
                    }
                }
            });
            layer.close(index);
            $("#colorbox").show();
            var excel = layer.open({
                type: 1,
                title:message,
                fixed:true,
                area: ['330px','290px'],
                content: $('#colorbox'),
                btn: ['确认', '关闭'],
                yes: function(){
                    var formData = new FormData($( "#excelForm" )[0]);
                    $.ajax({
                        url: path+"/web/api/excel/open/uploadCounselingData",
                        type: 'post',
                        data: formData,
                        dataType:'json',
                        async: false,
                        cache: false,
                        contentType: false,
                        processData: false,
                        success: function(msg){
                            if(msg.type=="success"){
                                layer.close(excel);
                            }
                            layer.msg(msg.message);
                        }
                    })

                }
            })
        });
    }

2、主要是后台代码,如下所示:

   controller层:

/**
     * 上传文件
     * @param request
     * @param file
     * @return
     */
    @ResponseBody
    @RequestMapping(value = "/open/uploadCounselingData", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public Result uploadData(HttpServletRequest request, @RequestParam MultipartFile file,
                             @RequestParam(required = false) String classId,
                             @RequestParam(required = false) String isTrack ) {
        //手工导入
        Result result = new Result();
        try {
            if (file != null && file.getSize() > 0) {
                if(CheckUtil.checkNull(classId)){
                    result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
                    result.setMessage("请选择班级");
                    return result;
                }
                if(CheckUtil.checkNull(isTrack)){
                    result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
                    result.setMessage("请选择是否跟踪");
                    return result;
                }
                String fileName = file.getOriginalFilename();
                result = excelService.batchImport(fileName,file,classId,isTrack);
            } else {
                result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
                result.setMessage("请选择上传文件");
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.error("上传文件出错");
            result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
            result.setMessage("发生异常");
        }
        return result;
    }

service层:

public interface ExcelService {

	Result batchImport(String fileName, MultipartFile excelFile, String classId, String isTrack) throws Exception;

}
@Service
public class ExcelServiceImpl implements ExcelService {

	@Autowired
	private TblStudentInfomationService tblStudentInfomationService;
	@Autowired
	private TblClassService tblClassService;
	@Autowired
	private TblCompositeScoreService tblCompositeScoreService;


	@Transactional(readOnly = false,rollbackFor = Exception.class)
	@Override
	public Result batchImport(String fileName, MultipartFile file,String classId,String isTrack) throws Exception {
		Result result = new Result();
		if (!fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xls)$") && !fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xlsx)$")) {
			result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
			result.setMessage("文件格式不正确");
			return result;
		}
		boolean isExcel2003 = true;
		if (fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xlsx)$")) {
			isExcel2003 = false;
		}
		InputStream is = file.getInputStream();
		Workbook wb = null;
		if (isExcel2003) {
			wb = new HSSFWorkbook(is);
		} else {
			wb = new XSSFWorkbook(is);
		}
		Sheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
		if(sheet!=null){
			result.setType(TypeEnum.SUCCESS.getCode());
			result.setMessage("文件上传成功");
		}else{
			result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
			result.setMessage("上传失败sheet为空");
			return result;
		}
		String schoolCode = "";
		int collegeId = 0;
		int professionId = 0;
		Result<SCPCVo> scpcVoResult = tblClassService.getSCPCVoByClassId(Integer.parseInt(classId));
		if(CheckUtil.checkEqresultSuccessAndData(scpcVoResult)){
			schoolCode = scpcVoResult.getData().getSchoolCode();
			collegeId = scpcVoResult.getData().getCollegeId();
			professionId = scpcVoResult.getData().getProfessionId();
		}else{
			result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
			result.setMessage("未知的班级id");
			return result;
		}
		for (int r = 1; r <= sheet.getLastRowNum(); r++) {
			Row row = sheet.getRow(r);
			if (row == null) {
				continue;
			}
			row.getCell(0).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(1).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(2).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(3).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(4).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			String sno = row.getCell(0).getStringCellValue();
			String name = row.getCell(1).getStringCellValue();
			String sex = row.getCell(2).getStringCellValue();
			String score = row.getCell(3).getStringCellValue();
			String enrollment = row.getCell(4).getStringCellValue();
			TblStudentInfomation tblStudentInfomation = new TblStudentInfomation();
			tblStudentInfomation.setSno(sno);
			tblStudentInfomation.setName(name);
			int sexInt = 1;
			if(!CheckUtil.checkNull(sex)){
				if(sex.equals("女")||sex=="女") sexInt = 0;
			}
			tblStudentInfomation.setSex(sexInt);
			tblStudentInfomation.setClassId(Integer.parseInt(classId));
			tblStudentInfomation.setIsTrack(Integer.parseInt(isTrack));
			tblStudentInfomation.setProfessionId(professionId);
			tblStudentInfomation.setCollegeId(collegeId);
			tblStudentInfomation.setSchoolCode(schoolCode);
			tblStudentInfomation.setEnrollment(enrollment);
			tblStudentInfomationService.addStudentInfomation(tblStudentInfomation);
			TblCompositeScore tblCompositeScore = new TblCompositeScore();
			tblCompositeScore.setScore(score==null?0:Double.parseDouble(score));
			tblCompositeScore.setSno(sno);
			tblCompositeScore.setVestingDate(new Date());
			tblCompositeScoreService.addCompositeScore(tblCompositeScore);
		}
		return result;
	}
 
}

pom文件:

<dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.poi</groupId>
            <artifactId>poi-ooxml</artifactId>
            <version>3.9</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
            <version>1.3.1</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
            <version>2.4</version>
        </dependency>

 

代码那么多,能全部看完才怪,而且复制可能也不能直接可以用,但是核心代码就是如下两部分,判断是否有数据,和一行一行、一列一列的读取数据

if (!fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xls)$") && !fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xlsx)$")) {
			result.setType(TypeEnum.FAIL.getCode());
			result.setMessage("文件格式不正确");
			return result;
		}
		boolean isExcel2003 = true;
		if (fileName.matches("^.+\\.(?i)(xlsx)$")) {
			isExcel2003 = false;
		}
		InputStream is = file.getInputStream();
		Workbook wb = null;
		if (isExcel2003) {
			wb = new HSSFWorkbook(is);
		} else {
			wb = new XSSFWorkbook(is);
		}
		Sheet sheet = wb.getSheetAt(0);
for (int r = 1; r <= sheet.getLastRowNum(); r++) {
			Row row = sheet.getRow(r);
			if (row == null) {
				continue;
			}
			row.getCell(0).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(1).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(2).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(3).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			row.getCell(4).setCellType(Cell.CELL_TYPE_STRING);
			String sno = row.getCell(0).getStringCellValue();
			String name = row.getCell(1).getStringCellValue();
			String sex = row.getCell(2).getStringCellValue();
			String score = row.getCell(3).getStringCellValue();
			String enrollment = row.getCell(4).getStringCellValue();
			TblStudentInfomation tblStudentInfomation = new TblStudentInfomation();
			tblStudentInfomation.setSno(sno);
			tblStudentInfomation.setName(name);
			int sexInt = 1;
			if(!CheckUtil.checkNull(sex)){
				if(sex.equals("女")||sex=="女") sexInt = 0;
			}
			tblStudentInfomation.setSex(sexInt);
			tblStudentInfomation.setClassId(Integer.parseInt(classId));
			tblStudentInfomation.setIsTrack(Integer.parseInt(isTrack));
			tblStudentInfomation.setProfessionId(professionId);
			tblStudentInfomation.setCollegeId(collegeId);
			tblStudentInfomation.setSchoolCode(schoolCode);
			tblStudentInfomation.setEnrollment(enrollment);
			tblStudentInfomationService.addStudentInfomation(tblStudentInfomation);
			TblCompositeScore tblCompositeScore = new TblCompositeScore();
			tblCompositeScore.setScore(score==null?0:Double.parseDouble(score));
			tblCompositeScore.setSno(sno);
			tblCompositeScore.setVestingDate(new Date());
			tblCompositeScoreService.addCompositeScore(tblCompositeScore);
		}

 

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